Dr. Audai Al Smadi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Hospital Management at Philadelphia University. He obtained his Ph.D. in Healthcare Management from Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia. His research study is about the relationships between job satisfaction, job performance, Islamic work ethics, and hospital type in Jordan hospital emergency departments. During his Ph.D. study, he published in British journal of healthcare management, international cross-culture journal, and journal of Islamic business management. He received his Master's degree in health services management from Yarmouk University, Jordan, and his Bachelor's in advanced paramedic from Prince Hussein bin Abdullah II for Civil Protection Academy, Jordan. His research interests include Healthcare Management, Islamic Work Ethics (IWE), Emergency Medical Services, Organization Behavior, Healthcare Quality, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). He also has seven years of experience in humanitarian response and international nonprofit organizations.